Aegina is one of the Saronic Islands of Greece in the Saronic Gulf; it is located about 27 kilometers (17 miles) away from Athens. Traditionally, the name was derived from Aegina, the mother of the hero Aeacus, who was born on the island and became its king. Historically Aegina was the rival of Athens, the great sea power of the era. The municipality of Aegina is composed of the island of Aegina and a few offshore islets. It is technically part of the Islands regional unit, Attica region.
The population is divided amongst 5 different communities Aegina, Kypseli, Mesagros, Perdika, and Vathy. The capital is the ton of Aegina, which is located on the northwestern end of the island. It is very commonly a popular vacation place during the summer months. Up to two-thirds of Aegina is composed of an extinct volcano. Both the northern and western sides consist of stony by fertile plain; they are used for the production of plants such as cotton, vines, almonds, olives, and figs, but the most vital crop of Aegina is the pistachio.
Some of the more popular tourist attractions on Aegina is the Temple of Aphaea, dedicated to its namesake, a goddess that was later associated with Athena. The Monastery of Agios Nectarios which was dedicated to Nectarios of Aegina is also a very popular tourist attraction.